Correlational findings

Study Ormel (1980): study NL 1970

15-60 aged, general public, followed 12 month, The Netherlands, 1967-77
N = 296
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview


Authors's Label
Change in burdens in the last year (lowering)
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Reliability between experts: _=.93.
Related specification variables
Objectieve rating by a panel of experts on the basis of:
a Report of life events in the last  year (T2-T3).
b life situation and life history of   the Ss.

Assessed at T3 (1977).

Typical events considered by the judges:
1. Change of role like marriage,
   promotion in job or retirement.
2. Change in health.
3. Change in contacts with important
   others or change in place of living.
4. Crisis events like loss of property
   or contact with police.
5. Important news about events that   
   have happened or are about to  
6. Important decisions about job,  
   marriage, health or place of living.
7. Events that are predominantly
   financial, like concluding a
   mortgage or gaining a large sum in a
8. Other positive events.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-c r = +.10 p < .01 T2 happiness by T2-T3 improvement
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-c r = +.29 p < .01 T3 happiness by T2-T3 improvement self-esteem                low  r=+.27
                      high r=+.16
intimacy with partner fair r=+.31
                      high r=+.34
coping ability        fair r=+.29
                      high r=+.27
neuroticism           low  r=+.21
                      high r=+.40
control           external r=+.35
                  internal r=+.21
stress T2(1976)       low  r=+.19
                      high r=+.42
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-c Beta-L = +.31 T3 happiness by T2-T3 improvement ßL path coefficient in a LISREL model, also involving T2 happiness.