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Correlational findings

Study Layard et al. (2013): study GB 2004

Public:
34 aged, United Kingdom, followed from childhood, 2004
Survey name:
UK-British Cohort Study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 8868
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Good conduct in childhood
Our Classification
Operationalization
Childhood: Sum of mother's replies to 10 questions on aggression, obedience, restlessness and other behavioral characteristics at age 5, 10 and 16.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-bb r = Good conduct assessed at:
- Age 5:   r=+.10
- Age 10:  r=+.13
- Age 16:  r=+.17
- Average: r=+.14
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-bb Beta = +.09 beta=+.085

When limiting good conduct up to:
- age 5:  beta=+.05
- age10:  beta=+.06

Indirect effect of childhood conduct:
Simulated:
beta= +.05

Subtraction of total variance in good conduct from childhood conduct:
beta= +.03
Beta controlled for:
- Intellectual performance
- Emotional health
- Family economic
- Family psychosocial
- Female

When limited to good conduct at age 5:
beta= +.04
Beta controlled for:
- Intellectual performance at age 5,10 and 16
- Good conduct at age 10 and 16
- Emotional health at aghe 5,10 and 16
- Social class of father at age 10
- Family income at age 10
- Number of siblings at age 10
- Average employment rate of father at birth, age 5 and 10
- Age when mother left full time education
- Age when father left full time education
- Mother's average mental health at age 5 and 10
- Both parents live in household at age 10
- Gender(female)

When limited to intellectual performance at age 10:
beta= +.036
Beta controlled for:
- Intellectual performance at age 5,10 and 16
- Good conduct at age 5 and 16
- Emotional health at aghe 5,10 and 16
- Social class of father at age 10
- Family income at age 10
- Number of siblings at age 10
- Average employment rate of father at birth, age 5 and 10
- Age when mother left full time education
- Age when father left full time education
- Mother's average mental health at age 5 and 10
- Post-marital conception
- Both parents live in household at age 10
- Gender(female)

When limited to intellectual performance at age 16:
beta= +.062
Beta controlled for:
- Intellectual performance at age 5,10 and 16
- Good conduct at age 5 and 10
- Emotional health at aghe 5,10 and 16
- Social class of father at age 10
- Family income at age 10
- Number of siblings at age 10
- Average employment rate of father at birth, age 5 and 10
- Age when mother left full time education
- Age when father left full time education
- Mother's average mental health at age 5 and 10
- Post-marital conception
- Both natural parents live in household at age 10
- Gender(female)
O-SLC-h-sq-n-11-bb Beta = +.05 Beta when additionally controlled for:
- Income
- Employed
- Education
- Good conduct at age 16 and 34
- Self-perceived health
- Emotional health at age 26