Correlational findings

Study Brulé & Veenhoven (2012): study ZZ Europe 2000

Adults, 6 European nations, 2000-2009
Survey name:
Pooled surveys
N = 55000
Non Response:
Multiple asesment methods
Different methods across surveys. Most were conducted face-to-face.


Authors's label
Perceived fate control (life)
Our Classification
Freedom in life is based on a question from the World Values Survey that asks, "Some people feel they have completely free choice and control over their lives, while other people feel that what they do has no real effect on what happens to them. Please use this scale where 1 means 'none at all' and 10 means 'a great deal' to indicate how much freedom of choice and control you feel you have over the way your life turns out."

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW---sq-nt-11-a r = +.74 AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE perceived fate control in 40 European countries.