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Correlational findings

Study Brulé & Veenhoven (2012): study ZZ Europe 2000

Public:
Adults, 6 European nations, 2000-2009
Survey name:
Pooled surveys
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 55000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Multiple methods
Different methods across surveys. Most were conducted face-to-face.

Correlate

Authors's label
Hofstede's Power Distance Index
Our Classification
Operationalization
Responses of employees worldwide to the following questions:
a How frequently are employees afraid to express disagreement with their managers?
b How would you describe the actual decision-making style of your boss (paternistic, authoritarian vs else)
c What decision-making style would you prefer your boss to have?

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW---sq-nt-11-a r = -.77 AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE power distance in 28 European countries.