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Correlational findings

Study Gross et al. (1997): study US 1992

Public:
Nuns, USA, 199?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1080
Non Response:
31%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Perceived control of affective experience
Our Classification
Remarks
Carstensen Emotion Questionnaire (CEO)
Operationalization
Participants first reported how frequently they experience each of 5 emotions (1;  never to 4; often)
-  happiness
-  sadness
-  fear
-  anger
-  disgust

Participants next indicated for each of these emotions their ability to control
a:  the inner experience
b:  the external signs
Rated
1  not at all
2  a little
3  pretty well
4  very well

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks M-TH-u-sq-v-4-c r = +.18 p < .001 none a: internal mood control M-TH-u-sq-v-4-c r = +.01 ns none b: external mood control

Difference in correlation betwenn a and b significant.

Happiness (M-TH) is an item in Emotion Questionnaire