- 15+ aged, general public, 25 European nations, 2006
- Survey name
- EU-ESS 3: 2006
- N = 44106
- Non Response
- Interview: face-to-face
- Authors's Label
- Random slope variance
- Our Classification
- Error Estimates
- inter item correlation: +.72
- Schwartz (2003) Portrait Values Questionnaire, 21 item adapted version (PNQ21)
- Selfreport of similarity with verbal portraits of different people who expressed a value orientation.
5. It is important to him/her to live in secure surroundings. He/she avoids anything that might endanger his/her safety.
14. It is important to him/her that the government insure his/her safety against all threats. He/she wants the state to be strong so it can defend its citizens.
7. He/she believes that people should do what they're told. He/she thinks people should follow rules at all times, even when no-one is watching.
16. It is important to him/her always to behave properly. He/she wants to avoid doing anything people would say is wrong.
9. It is important to him/her to be humble and modest. He/she tries not to draw attention to herself.
20. Tradition is important to him/her. He/she tries to follow the customs handed down by his/her religion or his/her family.
12. It's very important to him/her to help the people around him/her. He/she wants to care for their well-being.
18. It is important to him/her to be loyal to his/her friends. He/she wants to devote herself to people close to him/her.
3. He/she thinks it is important that every person in the world be treated equally. He/she believes everyone should have equal opportunities in life.
8. It is important to him/her to listen to people who are different from him/her.
Even when he/she disagrees with them, he/she still wants to understand them.
19. He/she strongly believes that people should care for nature. Looking after the environment is important to him/her.
1. Thinking up new ideas and being creative is important to him/her. He/she likes to do things in her own original way.
11. It is important to him/her to make his/her own decisions about what he/she does. He/she likes to be free and not depend on others.
6. He/she likes surprises and is always looking for new things to do. He/she thinks it is important to do lots of different things in life.
15. He/she looks for adventures and likes to take risks. He/she wants to have an exciting life.
10. Having a good time is important to him/her. He/she likes to “spoil” him/herself.
21. He/she seeks every chance he/she can to have fun. It is important to him/her to do things that give him/her pleasure.
4. It's very important to him/her to show his/her abilities. He/she wants people to admire what he/she does.
13. Being very successful is important to him/her. He/she hopes people will recognize his/her achievements.
2. It is important to him/her to be rich. He/she wants to have a lot of money and expensive things.
17. It is important to him/her to be in charge and tell others what to do. He/She wants people to do what he/she says.
How much are you like this person:
6 very much like me
1 not like me at all
Observed Relation with Happiness
- individual level characteristics
- satisfaction with income
- nation level characteristics
- socio-economic development (HDI)
- value climate
- value of autonomy (vs embeddedness)
- value of equality (vs hierarchy)
- cross level interaction
- universal pattern (same direction of values)
- cultural difference (opposite direction of values)