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Correlational findings

Study Blanchflower et al. (2013): study GB Wales 2007

Public:
16+ aged, general public, Wales, UK, 2007-2010
Survey name:
Welsh Health Survey
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 49972
Non Response:
Assessment:
Multiple asesment methods
Interview ( face-to-face) and Questionnaire (paper)

Correlate

Authors's label
Smoking
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on whether smoked (daily or occasionally), used to smoke (daily or occasionally), or had never smoked. Those who reported smoking were asked where they had smoked in the last 7 days.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-b b = -.10 p < .01 none Smokes now           (vs not) M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-b b = -.04 p < .01 none Smoked ever, not now (vs not)

B's controlled for:
-Consumption of fruit and vegetables
-Demographic characteristics
-age
-gender
-Socioeconomic characteristics
-education
-occupation
-household location
-Health
-disability
-exercise
-body mass index