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Correlational findings

Study Guven (2009b): study NL 1993

Public:
16+ aged, households' members, Netherlands, 1993-2006
Survey name:
NL-DHS 1993
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 4500
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web

Correlate

Authors's Label
Discounting and self-control
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self-report on multiple questions.
A: "I often work on things that will only pay off in a couple of years"
B: "With everything I do, I am only concerned about the immediate consequences (a period of a couple of days or weeks)"
C: "Do you find it difficult to control your expenditures?"
D: "I have good control of my investments and their returns"
E: "Do you have little self-control or are you very disciplined?"

Rated as:
1: totally disagree
.
.
7: totally agree

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HP-u-sq-v-5-a b = -.11 Working on things that will only pay in a couple of years O-HP-u-sq-v-5-a b = -.05 Interest only in short-run consequences O-HP-u-sq-v-5-a b = -.29 Difficulties in controlling expenditures O-HP-u-sq-v-5-a b = +.17 Good control of investments and their return O-HP-u-sq-v-5-a b = +.03 Level of self-control (discipline) O-HP-u-sq-v-5-a b-iv = -1.9 Working on things that will only pay in a couple of years O-HP-u-sq-v-5-a b-iv = -1.9 Interest only in short-run consequences O-HP-u-sq-v-5-a b = -1.7 Difficulties in controlling expenditures O-HP-u-sq-v-5-a b-iv = +2.6 Good control of investments and their return O-HP-u-sq-v-5-a b = +9.8 Level of self-control (discipline)

Instrument for happiness:
- last ten days cloud cover deviation

Bs controlled for:
- Personal characteristics
  - labor force status
  - marital status
  - household size
  - gender
  - health status
  - age
  - number of children
  - schooling
  - income
- province
- year fixed effects