print

Correlational findings

Study Bergheim (2007): study ZZ OECD member states 2005

Public:
14+ aged general public, 22 rich countries, 2005
Survey name:
EU-Combined surveys: ESS+WVS
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 33000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Shadow economy
Our Classification
Operationalization
not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-*-sq-nt-11-a r = - AVERAGE happiness, by the proportion of shadow economy in GDP.
Coefficient not reported