- 34 aged, United Kingdom, followed from childhood, 2004
- Survey name:
- UK-British Cohort Study
- N = 8868
- Non Response:
- Interview: face-to-face
- Authors's label
- Emotional health
- Our Classification
- Sum of replies on 24 items assessed at age 5,10,16 and 26.
Items at age 5 (filled in by parents):
a Complains of headaches
b Complaints of stomach ache or vomiting
c Complaints of biliousness
d Has temper tantrums (loss of temper)
e Does child have sleeping difficulty
If yes, which difficulties:
- Getting off to sleep
- Waking during the night
- Waking early in the morning
- Nightmares or night terrors
- Wetting him/herself:
- Ever wetting bed during the night
- Ever wetting bed during the day
- Wetting pants in daytime
f Soils or ever make mess of his/her pants
g Eating or appetite problems
- Not eating enough
- Other eating problems
- Child attends school
If yes: Tears on arrival?
h Often worried, worries about many things
i Tends to do things on his own - rather solitary
j Irritable. Is quick to "fly of the handle"
k Often appears miserable, unhappy, tearful or distressed
l Tends to be fearful or afraid of new things or new situations or new situations
m Is fussy of over
The score at age 5 is calculated of all 28 (sub-)questions
Items at age 10 are the same as at age 5 but the following item was added:
Truants from school
Items at age 16:
Only the behavioral items used at age 5 and age 10, plus the following emotional health items:
Do you have/feel/are you:
b Feeling tired
c Miserable or depressed
e Sleeping difficulties
f Worries about health
g Violent rage
h People annoy and irritate you
i Twitching of the face, head and shoulders
j Suddenly become scared for no good reason
k Scared if alone
l Easily upset or irritated
mFrightened of going out alone or meeting people
n Keyed up and jittery
o Suffer from indigestion
p Suffer from upset stomach
q Poor appetite
r Little things getting on your nerves and wearing you out
s Heart race like mad
t Bad pains in your eyes
Questions at age 26:
a Do you often have backache?
b Do you feel tired most of the time?
c Do you often feel miserable or depressed?
d Do you often have bad hadaches?
e Do you often get worried about things?
f Do you usually have great difficulty in falling or staying asleep?
g Do you usually wake unnecessarily early in the morning?
h Do you wear yourself out worrying about your health?
i Do you often get into a violent rage?
j Do people often annoy and irritate you?
k Have you at times have twitchting of the face, head or shoulders?
mDo you often become suddenly scared for no good reason?
n Are you scared to be alone when there are no friends near you?
o Are you easily ubset or irritated?
p Are you frightened of going out alone or of meeting people?
q Are you constant keyed up and jittery?
r Do you suffer from indigestion?
s Do you suffer from an upset stomach?
t Is your appetite poor?
u Does every little thing get on your nerves and wear you out?
v Does your heart often race like mad?
w Do you often have bad pains in your eyes?
x Are you troubled with rheumatism or fibrositus?
y Have you ever had a nervous breakdown?
Observed Relation with Happiness
- Age 5: r= +.07
- Age 10:r= +.09
- Age 16:r= +.24
- Age 26:r= +.27
- age 5: beta= +.17
- age 10:beta= +.05
Indirect effect of childhood emotional health:
Subtraction of total variance in emotional health from childhood emotional health:
Beta controlled for childhood (age 5,10,16):
- Intellectual performance
- Good conduct
- Emotional health
- Income (age 10)
- Has partner
- Good conduct(age 16-34)
- Self-perceived health(age 26)
- Emotional health (26)
Beta controlled for childhood:
- Intellectual performance(5,10,16)
- Good conduct (5,10,16)
- Emotional health (5,16)
- Social class of father (10)
- Family income (10)
- Number of siblings (10)
- Average employment rate (birth, 5, 10)
- Age when mother left full time education
- Age when father left full time education
- Mother's average mental health (5, 10)
- Post-marital conception
- Both natural parents live in household (10)
- Gender (female)