Correlational findings

Study Ludwig (1971): study US 1966

Female students, undergraduates, University of Wisconsin, USA, 196?
N = 72
Non Response
81%; 61% refusal, 5% eliminated on basis of screening data, 15% miscellaneous re
Multiple assesment methods
Structured questionnaires, tests; and interview.


Authors's Label
Desire for excitement_A
Our Classification
Ss answered these questions at the end of an experimental situation in which their self-esteem was experimentally altered. This was done by means of a false personality report dealing with the subject's creativity, maturity and other things. - For happy Ss desire for excitement is unaffec- ted by both bolstered and reduced self-esteem. - For unhappy Ss desire for excitement is increa- sed by bolstered self-esteem, and unaffected by reduced self-esteem. Unaffected by manipulated perceived acting ability.
Direct questions on appreciation of participation in a campus theatrical production.
a. Lead role: question on how much at
   this moment one feels like playing a
   lead role.

b. Expected success in acting: question
   on expected success in playing a
   lead role.

c. Excitement in acting: question on
   the extent to which playing a lead
   role was perceived as exciting.

d. Perceived enjoyment in acting:
   question on the extent to which
   playing a lead role was perceived as

e. Fear of acting: question on the ex-
   tent to which playing a lead role      was perceived as scary.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-a r = +.35 p < .01 a.          
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-a r = +.22 p < .10 b.                          
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-a r = +.37 p < .01 c.               
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-a r = +.46 p < .01 d.              
A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-a r = -.16 ns e.