Correlational findings

Study Ludwig (1971): study US 1966

Female students, undergraduates, University of Wisconsin, USA, 196?
N = 72
Non Response:
81%; 61% refusal, 5% eliminated on basis of screening data, 15% miscellaneous re
Multiple methods
Structured questionnaires, tests; and interview.


Authors's label
Desire for excitement_B
Our Classification
Behavioral choice of which of three roles Ss would play in a scene to be vidotaped for possible use in campus lectures on expressive behavior. One of these roles was a lead part, an other was a supportive role, and the third was a minor part.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-u-mq-v-10-a r = +.32 p < .01 Ss answered these questions at the end of an experimental situation in which their self-esteem was experimentally altered. This was done by means of a false personality report dealing with the subject's creativity, maturity and other things.

The relationship appeared to be unaffected by manipulated self-esteem.
For both happy and unhappy Ss desire for excitement is unaffected by both bolstered and reduced self-esteem.

Unaffected by manipulated perceived acting ability.