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Correlational findings

Study Kim & Kim (2012): study ZZ 2000

Public:
15+ aged, general public, 131 nations, 2000-2008
Survey name:
EU-EVS1981-84
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 150000
Non Response:
not reported
Assessment:
Multiple asesment methods

Correlate

Authors's Label
Openness
Our Classification
Remarks
Data source: World Development Indicator
Operationalization
Openness to trade summed the percentage of each country's import and export ratio among GDP

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-*-sq-t-11-a b = -.01 p < .01 AVERAGE happiness by openness of economy
B controlled for:
-Social trust
-Economy
  -investment price
  -log GDP
-Post communist
-Government
  -quantity of government
  -quality of government

-quality of government (Government Effectiveness; similar results when controlled for Regulatory Quality or Control of corruption)