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Correlational findings

Study Kim & Kim (2012): study ZZ 2000

Public:
15+ aged, general public, 131 nations, 2000-2008
Survey name:
EU-EVS1981-84
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 150000
Non Response:
not reported
Assessment:
Multiple asesment methods

Correlate

Authors's label
Openness
Our Classification
Operationalization
Openness to trade summed the percentage of each country's import and export ratio among GDP

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-*-sq-t-11-a b = -.01 p < .01 AVERAGE happiness by openness of economy
B controlled for:
-Social trust
-Economy
  -investment price
  -log GDP
-Post communist
-Government
  -quantity of government
  -quality of government

-quality of government (Government Effectiveness; similar results when controlled for Regulatory Quality or Control of corruption)