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Correlational findings

Study DiTella & MacCulloch (2008): study ZZ Western nations 1975

Public:
15+ aged, general public, OECD Nations, 1975-1997
Survey name:
EU-Eurobarometer combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 371149
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Employment state
Our Classification
Operationalization
a)employed (reference)
b)unemployed
c)self-employed
d)retired
e)keeping home
f)in school

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-c OPRC = -.49 p < .05 INDIVIDUAL happiness by employment state
Unemployed    (vs. employed)
OPRC (-0.491)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-c OPRC = +.03 p < .05 Self-employed (vs. employed)
OPRC (+0.031)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-c OPRC = +.05 p < .05 Retired       (vs. employed)
OPRC (+0.046)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-c OPRC = +.01 p < .10 Keeping home  (vs. employed)
OPRC (+0.014)
O-SLu-g-sq-v-4-c OPRC = +.20 p < .05 In school     (vs. employed)
OPRC (+0.202)

OPRC's controlled for:
-National characteristics:
  -GDP per capita
  -GDP growth
  -life expectancy
  -Sox emissions
  -hours worked
  -crime rate
  -divorce rate
  -inflation rate
  -unemployment rate
  -openness
  -unemployment benefits
-Personal characteristics:
  -personal income position
  -male
  -age
  -age squared
  -education
  -marital status
  -size of community