Correlational findings

Study Knies et al. (2014): study GB 2009

16+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2009/2010
Survey name:
UK Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS)
N = 32025
Non Response:
Interview: computer assisted (CAPI)


Authors's label
First-Generation migrants
Our Classification
Self-report on two questions:
a) What is your country of birth? If non-British:
b) What is your ethnicity?
1: Non-British ethnicity and first-generation migrant
  a) Other 'White' background
  b) Mixed background (e.g., White and Asian)
  c) Indian
  d) Pakistani
  e) Bangladeshi
  f) Carribean
  g) African
  h) Other
0: British ethnicity and non-migrant

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-h b = Other white     B=+.01 (ns)   (vs. British)
Mixed ethnicity B=-.09 (ns)
Indian          B=-.08 (ns)
Pakistani       B=-.40 (01)
Bangladeshi     B=-.48 (01)
Carribean       B=-.42 (01)
African         B=-.15 (05)
Other           B=-.30 (01)

No controls
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-h b = Other white     B=-.11 (05)
Mixed ethnicity B=-.13 (ns)
Indian          B=-.21 (01)
Pakistani       B=-.41 (01)
Bangladeshi     B=-.43 (01)
Carribean       B=-.30 (01)
African         B=-.14 (10)
Other           B=-.37 (01)

B controlled for:
- gender
- age and age squared
- education
- marital status
- number of children
- employment status
- household income
- housing
- health
- religion
- length of stay
- urban/rural residence
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-h b = Other white     B=-.10 (10)
Mixed ethnicity B=-.12 (ns)
Indian          B=-.17 (05)
Pakistani       B=-.34 (01)
Bangladeshi     B=-.36 (01)
Carribean       B=-.26 (01)
African         B=-.10 (ns)
Other           B=-.35 (01)

B additionally controlled for:
- Neighbourhoud characteristics:
  a) Economic status of neighbourhood
  b) MOSAIC-typology of the neighbourhood
O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-h b = Other white     B=-.11 (ns)
Mixed ethnicity B=-.08 (ns)
Indian          B=-.10 (ns)
Pakistani       B=+.05 (ns)
Bangladeshi     B=-.44 (10)
Carribean       B=-.36 (05)
African         B=-.24 (10)
Other           B=-.32 (01)

B additionally controlled for:
- Ethnic diversity in neighbourhood