Correlational findings

Study Knies et al. (2014): study GB 2009

16+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2009/2010
Survey name
UK-Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS)
N = 32025
Non Response
Interview: Computer Assisted Personal Interview (CAPI)


Authors's Label
Herfindahl Index
Our Classification
UK Census-data (2001 and 2011)
Ethnic diversity by Herfindahl index for:
  a) General public
  b) First-generation immigrants
  c) UK-born ethnic minority

The sum of the squares of the group shares where the shares are expressed as fractions. The index can range from zero when all groups are represented with a small number of people to 1 where only one group is represented. The following groups were considered in constructing the index: White British, White Irish, Other White, White and Black Caribbean, White and Black African, White and Asian, Other Mixed, Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Other Asian, Caribbean, African, Other Black, Chinese, and Other ethnic group.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-h b = +.02 ns GENERAL PUBLIC O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-h b = +.00 ns FIRST-GENERATION IMMIGRANTS O-SLW-c-sq-v-7-h b = -.01 ns UK-BORN ETHNIC MINORITY

B's controlled for:
- gender
- age and age squared
- education
- marital status
- number of children
- employment status
- household income
- housing
- health
- religion
- length of stay
- urban/rural residence
- economic status of neighbourhood one resides