Correlational findings

Study Gallup (2012b): study AF 2009

15+ aged, general public, Parts of the World, 2009-2011
Survey name
N = 466689
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Migrants vs Matched stayers
Our Classification
Happiness is assessed for four migration-streams: a) North-to-North migration b) South-to-North migration c) North-to-South migration d) South-to-South migration - North includes Northern America, Europe, Japan, Australia and New Zealand (a total of 56 countries). - South is composed of Africa, the Americas (without the United States and Canada), the Caribbean, Asia (except Japan), and Oceania (except Australia and New Zealand). - Using this definition, the ‘North’ does not include the OECD countries Chile, Israel, Mexico, the Republic of Korea, and Turkey, or high-income non-OECD countries such as Bahrain; Hong Kong, China; Puerto Rico; or the United Arab Emirates. Instead, several countries in Eastern Europe (such as Belarus, the Republic of Moldova, the Russian Federation and Ukraine) are considered part of the ‘North’.
1: ‘Long-timer’ migrants who have been living in the destination
   country for at least five years.
0: Non-migrants (matched stayers in country of origin)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a DMa = + NORTH-TO-NORTH MIGRATION (N=5.500):

Long-timers:     M=6.57
Matched stayers: M=5.75
- difference:      +.82
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a DMa = + SOUTH-TO-NORTH MIGRATION (N=10.000):

Long-timers:     M=6.21
Matched stayers: M=5.70
- difference:      +.51
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a DMa = - NORTH-TO-SOUTH MIGRATION (N=8.250):

Long-timers:     M=5.32
Matched stayers: M=5.45
- difference:      -.13
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a DMa = - SOUTH-TO-SOUTH MIGRATION (N=1.250):

Long-timers:     M=4.99
Matched stayers: M=5.34
- difference:      -.35

Means matched by:
- gender
- age
- education level