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Correlational findings

Study Shields et al. (2009): study AU 2001

Public:
15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
Survey name:
AU-HILDA 2001
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 13903
Non Response:
34%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Additionally self-completion questionnaires were used.

Correlate

Authors's label
Level of education
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self-report on single question:
What qualifications have you completed?
1) no qualifications (reference)
2) year 12 only
3) certificate level 1 or 2
4) certificate level 3 or 4
5) a diploma
6) a degree

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.22 p < .01 DEGREE OR HIGHER         (vs no qualifications)
Males
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.19 p < .01 Females O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.12 p < .05 YEAR 12 ONLY             (vs no qualifications)
Males
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.10 p < .05 Females O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.18 p < .01 DIPLOMA                  (vs no qualifications)
Males
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.13 p < .01 Females O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.05 ns CERTIFICATE LEVEL 3 OR 4 (vs no qualifications)
Males
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.14 p < .01 Females O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.12 p < .1 CERTIFICATE LEVEL 1 OR 2 (vs no qualifications)
Males
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.05 ns Females

OPRC's controlled for:
- neighbourhood fixed effects (unobserved characteristics of the neighbourhood)
- age and age squared
- number of children
- marital status
- number of parents
- being an Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander
- immigrant status
- English speaking ability
- health
- employment status
- household income
- house ownership
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicious of interview questions
- others present during interview
- respondent was living with both parents  
  at age 14