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Correlational findings

Study Shields et al. (2009): study AU 2001

Public:
15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
Survey name:
AU-HILDA 2001
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 13903
Non Response:
34%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Additionally self-completion questionnaires were used.

Correlate

Authors's label
Immigrant
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self-report on two questions:
In which country were you born?
..
Is English the first language you learned to speak as a child?
1: yes
0: no

Categorized into:
a) Immigrant from English speaking country
b) Immigrant from non-English speaking
     country
a) Non-immigrant (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.05 ns IMMIGRANT FROM ENGLISH SPEAKING COUNTRY (vs non-immigrant)
Males
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.09 p < .05 Females O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.05 ns IMMIGRANT FROM NON-ENGLISH SPEAKING COUNTRY (vs non-immigrant)
Males
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.11 p < .05 Females

OPRC's controlled for:
- neighbourhood fixed effects (unobserved characteristics of the neighbourhood)
- age and age squared
- number of children
- marital status
- number of parents
- being an Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander
- English speaking ability
- health
- education
- employment status
- household income
- house ownership
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicious of interview questions
- others present during interview
- respondent was living with both parents  
  at age 14