Correlational findings

Study Shields et al. (2009): study AU 2001

15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
Survey name
N = 13903
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face
Additionally self-completion questionnaires were used.


Authors's Label
Neighbourhood characteristic: insecurity in the neighbourhood
Our Classification
A neighbourhood consists of approximately 250 households on average who live in close proximity to each other.
Males: M=10.0 SD=1.71; Females: M=10.0 SD=1.72
Related specification variables
To what frequency do you observe the following events to happen in your neighbourhood?
a) teenagers hanging around the street
b) people being hostile or aggressive
c) vandalism and deliberate damage to
d) burglary and theft

1 never happens
5 very common

Combined to a 4-20 scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.01 ns MALES O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.01 ns FEMALES

OPRC's controlled for:
- region in Australia
- remoteness of place of residence
- relative income
- neighbourhood characteristics
  a) rate of single parents
  b) unemployment rate
  c) rate of home owners
  d) rate of non-English speaking immigrants
  e) rate of employees working in a
     professional occupation
  f) social interaction and social support
  g) local disamenity
  h) rate of people over 64 years
- age and age squared
- marital status
- number of children
- number of adults in household
- being an Aborginal/Torres Strait Islander
- being an immigrant
- English speaking ability
- health
- education
- employment status
- household income
- house ownership
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicious of interview questions
- others present during interview
- respondent was living with both parents  
  at age 14

OPRC is similar when controlling for:
- duration of living in residence
instead of:
- relative income