Correlational findings

Study Shields et al. (2009): study AU 2001

15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
Survey name:
N = 13903
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face
Additionally self-completion questionnaires were used.


Authors's label
Neighbourhood characteristic: % home owners
Our Classification
A neighbourhood consists of approximately 250 households on average who live in close proximity to each other. Data derived from Australian population census
Males: M=67.7% SD=16.4; Females: M=67.6% SD=16.2
Percentage of people owning their own home in the neighbourhood.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d DM = +                     Males   Females   
<40% home ownership 7.62    7.76
≥80% home ownership 7.98    8.12     
- difference         .36    .36
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.00 p < .1 MALES O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.00 p < .1 FEMALES

OPRC's controlled for:
- region in Australia
- remoteness of place of residence
- duration of living in neighbourhood
- neighbourhood characteristics
  a) rate of single parents
  b) unemployment rate
  c) rate of home owners
  d) rate of employees working in a
     professional occupation
  e) aged 65 years and over
  f) social interaction and social support
  g) local disamenity
  h) insecurity in the neighbourhood
- age and age squared
- marital status
- number of children
- number of adults in household
- being an Aborginal/Torres Strait Islander
- being an immigrant
- English speaking ability
- health
- education
- employment status
- household income
- house ownership
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicious of interview questions
- others present during interview
- respondent was living with both parents  
  at age 14
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.00 ns MALES O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.00 ns FEMALES

When OPRC's are controlled for:
- relative income
instead of:
- duration of living in neighbourhood