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Correlational findings

Study Shields et al. (2009): study AU 2001

Public:
15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
Survey name:
AU-HILDA 2001
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 13903
Non Response:
34%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Additionally self-completion questionnaires were used.

Correlate

Authors's label
Neighbourhood characteristic: % immigrants
Our Classification
Operationalization
Percentage of immigrants from non-English speaking countries in total neighbourhood population.
  1: <5%
  2: ≥20%

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d DM = -                     Males   Females   
<5% immigrants      8.03    8.13
≥20% immigrants     7.60    7.74     
- difference         .43    .39
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.01 p < .01 MALES O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = -.01 p < .01 FEMALES

OPRC's controlled for:
- region in Australia
- remoteness of place of residence
- relative income
- neighbourhood characteristics
  a) rate of single parents
  b) unemployment rate
  c) rate of home owners
  d) rate of employees working in a
     professional occupation
  e) aged 65 years and over
  f) social interaction and social support
  g) local disamenity
  h) insecurity in the neighbourhood
- age and age squared
- marital status
- number of children
- number of adults in household
- being an Aborginal/Torres Strait Islander
- being an immigrant
- English speaking ability
- health
- education
- employment status
- household income
- house ownership
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicious of interview questions
- others present during interview
- respondent was living with both parents  
  at age 14

OPRC's are similar when controlling for:
- duration of living in residence
instead of:
- relative income