print

Correlational findings

Study Shields et al. (2009): study AU 2001

Public:
15+ aged general public, Australia, 2001
Survey name:
AU-HILDA 2001
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 13903
Non Response:
34%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Additionally self-completion questionnaires were used.

Correlate

Authors's Label
Log annual household income
Our Classification
Remarks
Section G in personal questionnaire of HILDA
Distribution
Male: M= 7.6  SD= 4.90; Female: M=7.26 SD= 4.95
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Multiple questions on personal income accumulated to log annual household income

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.04 p < .10 MALES O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.06 p < .01 FEMALES

OPRC's controlled for:
- age and age squared
- marital status
- number of children
- number of adults in household
- being an Aborginal/Torres Strait Islander
- being an immigrant
- English speaking ability
- health
- education
- employment status
- household income
- house ownership
- religion
- frequency-preference of paying bills
- suspicious of interview questions
- others present during interview
- respondent was living with both parents  
  at age 14
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.03 ns MALES O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.06 p < .01 FEMALES

OPRC's additionally controlled for:
- neighbourhood fixed effects (unobserved characteristics of the neighbourhood)
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.05 p < .05 MALES O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.05 p < .05 FEMALES

OPRC's additionally controlled for:
- state/territory of residence
- remoteness of place of residence
- neighbourhood characteristics
  a) unemployment rate
  b) rate of single parents
  c) rate of immigrants from non-English
     speaking countries
  d) rate of home owners
  e) rate of employees working in a
     professional occupation
  f) aged 65 years and over
  g) social interaction and social support
  h) local disamenity
  i) insecurity in the neighbourhood
- duration of living in residential area
O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.03 ns MALES O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-d OPRC = +.01 ns FEMALES

OPRC's additionally controlled for:
- relative income
instead of:
- duration of living in residence