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Correlational findings

Study Manning-Gibbs (1972): study US 1946

Public:
Adults, general public, USA, 1946-1966
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 25617
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
White race
Our Classification
Operationalization
0: Black
1: White

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-g-sq-n-10-c G = + G' based on proportion very happy.
Response formats of happiness question very slightly over the years.

                   1946       1956       1966
                   
total population  :+.04(ns)   +.26(01)   +.37(01)

college graduate  :-.11(ns)   +.50(01)   +.64(01)
college incomplete:+.15(ns)   +.50(01)   +.29(ns)
high school grad. :+.00(ns)   +.38(01)   +.60(01)
high sch. incompl.:+.08(ns)   +.21(05)   +.40(01)
8th grade & less  :-.11(ns)   +.04(ns)   +.09(ns)

professionals     :-.03(ns)   +.38(05)   +.72(01)
business ex.      :+.26(ns)   +.52(01)   +.82(01)
white collar      :+.22(ns)   +.32(05)   +.54(01)
skilled workers   :+.11(ns)   +.34(01)   +.30(05)
semi- & unsk.work.:-.22(01)   +.16(05)   +.19(05)
service workers   :+.03(ns)   +.26(05)   +.36(01)
farmers           :+.14(ns)   -.08(ns)   +.00(ns)

non-manual        :-.17(05)   -.41(01)   -.68(01)
manual            :+.04(ns)   -.22(05)   -.29(01)

high income       :+.04(ns)              +.80(01)
average income    :+.08(ns)              +.43(01)
low income        :-.02(ns)              +.13(05)

city size:
500,000 +         :+.03(ns)    +.35(01)  +.03(ns)
100,000-499,999   :+.08(ns)    +.24(01)  +.08(ns)
10,000-99,999     :+.02(ns)    +.39(01)  +.50(01)
2500-9999         :+.03(ns)    +.84(01)  
rural non-farm    :-.32(ns)    +.10(ns)  +.01(ns)
farm              :+.11(ns)    -.04(ns)  +.34(ns)

non-south         :-.06(ns)    -.29(01)  -.30(01)
south             :-.07(ns)    -.14(05)  -.12(05)

age 70+           :-.11(ns)    +.23(ns)  -.08(ns)
age 60-69         :-.29(05)    -.03(ns)  +.49(05)
age 50-59         :+.03(ns)    +.05(ns)  +.30(ns)
age 40-49         :+.17(ns)    +.08(ns)  +.60(01)
age 30-39         :+.19(05)    +.48(01)  +.44(01)
age 20-29         :+.03(ns)    +.46(01)  +.35(05)