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Correlational findings

Study Manning-Gibbs (1972): study US 1946

Public:
Adults, general public, USA, 1946-1966
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 25617
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Educational level
Our Classification
Operationalization
1: 8th grade or less
2: high school incomplete
3: high school graduate
4: college incomplete
5: college graduate

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-g-sq-n-10-c G = G' based on proportion very happy.
Response formats of happiness question very slightly over the years.

1946: blacks: G' = +.08 (ns)
      whites: G' = +.18 (01)
1956: blacks: G' = -.07 (ns)
      whites: G' = +.19 (01)
1966: blacks: G' = -.18 (05)
      whites: G' = +.19 (01)