Correlational findings

Study Jiang et al. (2012): study CN 2002

16+ aged general public, 26 cities, China, 2002
Survey name
CN-CHIP 2002
N = 5630
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Our Classification
Difference between income inequality in current city of residence and place of registration (hukou), which is typically a rural area for migrants
M=0.35 SD=0.03 Range= 0.29-0.41
Overall income inequality as distinct from identity-related inequality (hukou status) in the city is calculated:
1 indicates perfect inequality;
0 indicates perfect equality

For urban residents: Income includes wages, bonuses, allowances, subsidies for minimum living standards, living hardship subsidies
from the work unit, second-job and sideline income, and the monetary value of income in kind.
For rural-urban migrants: Income includes wages, revenues from family production,
income from assets, cash gifts, and other income.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-FH-g-sq-v-5-da b = +2.8 p < .01 B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) Rural/urban (Hukou) status
  b) Interaction Rural/urban (Hukou) status*
  c) Gender
  d) Age
  e) Marital status
  f) Education
  g) Health
  h) Communist Party Member
  i) Unemployed
  j) Household income
  k) Future income expectations
  l) Surface of house
- City characteristics
  m) GDP per capita  
  n) Population growth
  o) City size
  p) Region in country
- Rural migrants vs urbans differences
  q) Education difference between urbans and
  r) Between-group inequality