Correlational findings

Study Jiang et al. (2012): study CN 2002

16+ aged general public, 26 cities, China, 2002
Survey name
CN-CHIP 2002
N = 5630
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Between-Group (urban hukou vs rural hokou) income inequality
Our Classification
M=1.91 SD= 0.53 Range= 1.12-3.48
Related specification variables
Ratio of income difference:
Mean income urbans/income rural migrants within the same city

For urban residents: Income includes wages, bonuses, allowances, subsidies for minimum living standards, living hardship subsidies
from the work unit, second-job and sideline income, and the monetary value of income in kind.
For rural-urban migrants: Income includes wages, revenues from family production, income from assets, cash gifts, and other income.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-FH-g-sq-v-5-da b = -.14 p < .01 B controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  a) Rural/urban (Hukou) status
  b) Interaction Rural/urban (Hukou) status*
  c) Gender
  d) Age
  e) Marital status
  f) Education
  g) Health
  h) Communist Party Member
  i) Unemployed
  j) Household income
  k) Future income expectations
  l) Surface of house
- City characteristics
  m) GDP per capita  
  n) Population growth
  o) City size
  p) Region in country
  q) Gini-coefficient
- Rural migrants vs urbans differences
  r) Education difference between urbans and

Effect is more negative for:
- Rural-urban  migrants
- Communist party members
- Elderly