Correlational findings

Study Martin & Lichter (1983): study US Michigan 1973

16+ aged, employees, Michigan/US, followed 4 years, 1973-1977
Survey name:
Quality of Employment Survey (QES)
N = 827
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Perceived intrinsic job rewards
Our Classification
Self-report on five statements:
How true is each statement for your job?
A) The work is interesting
b) I have an opportunity to develop my special abilities
c) I can see the results of my work
d) I am given the chance to do the things I do best
e) I am given a lot of freedom to decide how I do my work
f) The problems I am expected to solve are hard enough

1. Not at all true
2. Not too true
3. Undefined
4. Somewhat true

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-Sum-c-mq-v-7-d Beta = +.06 ns T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE in perceived intrinsic job rewards (T2 happiness by T1-T2 change in perceived intrinsic job rewards, controlling for T1 happiness).

Beta additionally controlled for:
- T1-T2 residential moving
- T1 income
- T1 age
- T1 education
- T1-T2 change in intrinsic job rewards