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Correlational findings

Study Ek et al. (2008): study FI Northern Finland 1997

Public:
31-aged general public, Finland, 1997-1998
Survey name:
FI-Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 5696
Non Response:
21%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Social support
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self-report on 5-item scale asking the extent to which the subject received emotional (two items) or practical (two items) support from his/her spouse, friends, or close relatives
1) Little or none
2) Moderately
3) A lot (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-d OR = 6.35 p < .05 LITTLE OR NONE (vs a lot)
Men: no controls
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-d OR = 11.1 p < .05 Women: no controls

Similar findings are found when controlled for:
- education
- employment history
- migration history
- active coping strategies
- passive coping strategies
- attitude towards the future
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-d OR = 1.99 p < .05 MODERATELY
Men: No controls
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-d OR = 1.51 ns OR when controlled for:
- education
- employment history
- migration history
- active coping strategies
- passive coping strategies
- attitude towards the future
O-SLu-g-sq-v-3-d OR = 2.28 p < .05 Women: No controls

A similar finding is found when controlled for:
- education
- employment history
- migration history
- active coping strategies
- passive coping strategies
- attitude towards the future

Odds ratio of 1 means equal happiness, a higher odds ratio than 1 means less happiness, a lower odds ratio than 1 means higher happiness.