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Correlational findings

Study Bartram (2011): study US 1995

Public:
18-94 aged natives and immigrants, USA, 1995
Survey name:
WorldValuesSurvey 3
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1339
Non Response:
203
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Immigrant Status
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: Were you born in the UNITED STATES?
0: Yes
1: No

If 'no': Where were you born?
A: Africa
b: Latin America
c: Canada
d: Asia
e: Europe

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a DM =                    Immigrants/ US natives  Difference
- all               M=7.46 / M=7.68   - 0.22
- Canada, Europe       M=8.03         +.0.35
- Africa, Asia, Latin  M=7.18         -.0.50
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a Beta = -.29 p < .028 O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a b = -2.2 p < .028 B and beta controlled for:
- Ln(income)
- Interaction ln(income)*immigrant status,
- Children,
- Age,
- Unemployed,
- Religion,
- Health.

Interaction immigrant*ln(hh income) B=.56(p=.041)

B when controlled for 'financial satisfaction' in addition:
B=-1.3 (p<.13) for immigrant status
B=+.36 (p<.14) for ln (hh)income*immigrants status

Similar results are found in an ordered logit model.