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Correlational findings

Study Bartram (2011): study US 1995

Public:
18-94 aged natives and immigrants, USA, 1995
Survey name:
WorldValuesSurvey 3
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1339
Non Response:
203
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Children
Our Classification
Operationalization
Percentage of respondents:
0:   no children (reference)
1a: one child
1b: two or more children

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a Beta = -.05 p < .096 ONE CHILD (vs no children) O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a b = -.31 p < .096 ONE CHILD (vs no children)

B=-.07 (p<.69) when additionally controlled for financial satisfaction
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a b = -.43 p < .152 TWO OR MORE CHILDREN (vs none)

B=-.20 (p<.15) when controlled for financial satisfaction
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a Beta = -.11 p < .152 TWO OR MORE CHILDREN (vs none)

B's and Beta's controlled for:
- Immigrant status
- Log income
- Interaction income*immigrant status
- Marital status
- Age
- Unemployed
- Religion
- Health

Similar results are found in an ordered logit model.