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Correlational findings

Study Gartstein & Rothbart (2002): study US Oregon 1997

Public:
3-12 months aged infants, Oregon, United States, 199?
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 361
Non Response:
24%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire; Raters mostly mothers (90%), data also collected from secondary caregiver (58% fathers) of 26 infants (4-12 months aged)

Correlate

Authors's label
Sadness
Our Classification
Operationalization
Parent's report on:
Lowered mood and activity related to personal suffering, physical state, object loss, or inability to perform a desired action; general low mood. (in total 14 items like "Did the baby seem sad when the caregiver was gone for an unusually long period of time?")

Rated:
1  never
2  very rarely
3  less than half the time
4  about half the time
5  more than half the time
6  almost always
7  always

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-b mr = -.09 boys:  r=-.13 ns
girls: r=-.05 ns
A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-ab mr = -.10 boys:  r=-.05 ns
girls: r=-.15 p<.05
A-CA-cw-rdf-v-7-ba mr = -.15 boys:  r=-.13 ns
girls: r=-.16 p<.05