Correlational findings

Study Frijters et al. (2004): study DE 1985

21-64 aged, general public, Germany, followed 14 years, 1985-1999
Survey name:
N = 18350
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Employment status
Our Classification
a Employed (full-time only for females)
b Employed part-time
c Maternity leave
d Nonparticipant
e Fired in last year

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a Beta = + EMPLOYED
      Males      Females
East: Beta=+.64  Beta=+.57
West: Beta=+.68  Beta=+.38
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a Beta = + EMPLOYED PART-TIME
East:   -----    Beta=+.49
West:   -----    Beta=+.34
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a Beta = + MARTERNITY LEAVE
East:   -----    Beta=+.37
West:   -----    Beta=+.47
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a Beta = + NONPARTICIPANT
East: Beta=+.42  Beta=+.30
West: Beta=+.55  Beta=+.38
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a Beta = - FIRED IN LAST YEAR
East: Beta=-.12  Beta=-.10
West: Beta=-.18  Beta=-.08

Beta's controlled for:
- Year
- Age
- Foreigner-born
- Marital status
- Death of other family member in last year
- Disabled
- Ln(1+number of days in hospital in last year)
- Number of children
- Had a baby in last year
- Invalid in household
- Years of schooling
- Log household income (post tax)
- Moved home within country in last year
- Moved to West/East Germany following reunification
- Live on the border of East and West Germany

Beta of East Germany additionally controlled for :
- Being member of the Communist Party before reunification