Correlational findings

Study Renshon (1974): study US Pennsylvania 1970

university undergraduates, Pennsylvania, USA, 1970
N = 423
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Personal control
Our Classification
Self report on 10 questions:
a. Do you feel that world affairs have become so complex that even our elected officials have difficulty keeping control of events?
b. Looking ahead several years after the war ends in Vietnam how likely do you feel is is that U.S. troops will become involved in another shooting conflict?
c. Do you feel that the world has become so complicated that many people have lost control over a great deal of what happens to them?
d. Some people say the government is run by a few big intersts looking out for them selves, and not for all the people. How do you feel?
e. Some people feel that getting ahead today depends more on knowing the right people then on doing a good job. How do you feel?
f. With the current job market some people feel that getting a good job is mostly a matter of being in the right place at the rigth time. How do you feel?
g. In your life generally, do you ever find yourself wishing that you could return to a less complicated, less demanding way of life?
h. How much of an effect do you think luck or chance plays in your life?
i. Do you think that the government has become so large and powerfull that it is almost impossible for an individual citizen to have much influence?
j. Have you found that in meeting people it doesn't pay to try too hard to make them like you, because if they like you they like you and if they don't there isn't much you can do?

4 strongly agree
3 agree
2 disagree
1 strongly disagree

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-7-a G = +.31 p < .001