- 65+aged, ethnic Korean naturalized as Japanese and Japanese, Japan, 2005
- Survey name:
- Unnamed study
- N = 425
- Non Response:
Questionnaire delivered to respondents by the chairpersons of the neighborhood association or the investigator
- Authors's Label
- Our Classification
- Error Estimates
- Cronbach's alpha is 0.87
- Depression status was measured by the short version of Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15):
Choose the best answer for how you have felt over the past week:
a: Are you basically satisfied with your life?
b: Have you dropped many of your activities and interests?
c: Do you feel that your life is empty?
d: Do you often get bored?
e: Are you in good spirits most of the time?
f: Are you afraid that something bad is going to happen to you?
g: Do you feel happy most of the time?
h: Do you often feel helpless?
i: Do you prefer to stay at home, rather than going out and doing new things?
j: Do you feel you have more problems with memory than most?
k: Do you think it is wonderful to be alive now?
l: Do you feel pretty worthless the way you are now?
m: Do you feel full of energy?
n: Do you feel that your situation is hopeless?
o: Do you think that most people are better off than you are?
1:6-9 mild depression
2:10 or more severe depression
Observed Relation with Happiness
- living alone
- absence of 'sense of purpose in life'
- public assistance
- performance status (ADL)
- history of lifestyle related disease