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Correlational findings

Study Moon & Mikami (2007): study JP 2004

Public:
65+aged, ethnic Korean naturalized as Japanese and Japanese, Japan, 2005
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 425
Non Response:
21.7%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire delivered to respondents by the chairpersons of the neighborhood association or the investigator

Correlate

Authors's label
Ethnicity
Our Classification
Operationalization
1: Ethnic Korean
0: Japanese

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-a DM = - Ethnic Korean    M=48.8  SD=28.6
Japanese         M=68.1  SD=23.0
- difference      -20.1
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-a r = -.35 p < .001 O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-a Beta = -.31 p < .001 Beta controlled for:
- age
- gender
- literacy
- living alone
- absence of 'sense of purpose in life'
- pension
- public assistance
O-QOL-u-sq-n-101-a Beta = -.22 p < .001 Beta additionally controlled for
- depression
- performance status (ADL)
- history of lifestyle related disease