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Correlational findings

Study Calvo et al. (2007): study US 1992

Public:
Eldery, United States, followed through retirement 1992-2004
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2389
Non Response:
25%; from 3022 (fully retired in 2004) to 2389.
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Spouse death
Our Classification
Operationalization
Change of marital status reported at T1 and T2, from 'married'  to 'widowed'.
0: no
1: yes

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AB-cw-mq-v-2-b b = -.16 p < .001 T1-T2 CHANGE in Happiness by death of spouse

B controlled for:
-prompt retirement           
-retirement wanted           
-retirement (partly) wanted    
-improved health             
-years since retirement      
-male                        
-white non-hispanic          
-log of mean wealth          
-more than high school       
-blue-collar                 
-unemployed