Correlational findings

Study Bowling & Gabriel (2004): study GB 2001

65+aged, Britain, 2000-2001
Survey name
Omnibus Survey
N = 999
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face
Interviews took place in the homes of respondents. They lasted between 60-90 minutes.


Authors's Label
Social support
Our Classification
Self report of:
a:  number of social contacts
b: frequency of social contact by phone face to face and/or email with sons and daughters, brothers and sisters, other relatives, friends, neighbours, time proximity and geographical spread
c: number of practical/instrumental areas can ask for help with: type of helper, time proximity of residences proximity (lift, help if ill, borrow money, everyday chores (errands, odd jobs)
-has someone to turn to for: comfort/support in serious personal crisis
d: number of areas of life in total can ask for help with emotional plus practical areas

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-a r = -.19 p < .01 O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-a Beta = -.10 Beta controlled for:
- social comparisons and expectations
- personality
- health
- health values
- social capital
- age
- gender
- socioeconomic status