Correlational findings

Study Bowling & Gabriel (2004): study GB 2001

65+aged, Britain, 2000-2001
Survey name
Omnibus Survey
N = 999
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face
Interviews took place in the homes of respondents. They lasted between 60-90 minutes.


Authors's Label
Physical functioning (ADL score)
Our Classification
Townsend ADL scale (Townsend, 1979; Bond and Carstairs, 1982)
Level of functional ability in self care, home-care and mobility were measured using the Townsed ADL scale and also supplemented with items on physical and sensory functioning from the Office for National Statistics Disability Scale.

walk at least 100 yards, put one arm behind back (dressing,tie a bow in shoelaces, get in/out of chair, count well enough to manage money, eat, drink and digest food, get on a bus, wash self all over, cut toenails, go up/down steps/stairs, heavy housework, shopping and carrying heavy bags, prepare and cook a hot meal, reaching for something on overhead shelf, bend down to pick something off the floor, balance when standing, control bladder, see well enough to read a newspaper, hear a conversation against background noise, understand what people say or mean, get up and do things(energy)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-a r = +.30 p < .01 O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-a Beta = +.09 Beta controlled for:
- social comparisons and expectations
- personality
- health values
- social capital
- age
- gender
- socioeconomic status