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Correlational findings

Study Bowling & Gabriel (2004): study GB 2001

Public:
65+aged, Britain, 2000-2001
Survey name:
Omnibus Survey
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 999
Non Response:
23%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Interviews took place in the homes of respondents. They lasted between 60-90 minutes.

Correlate

Authors's label
Optimism-pessimism bias
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self report on 3 questions:
a: In uncertain times I usually expect the best
b: If something can go wrong for me; it will
c: I always look on the bright side of things

Rated
1: strongly disagree
:
5: strongly agree

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-a r = +.10 p < .05 O-GBB-u-sq-v-7-a Beta = +.10 Beta controlled for:
- social comparisons and expectations
- health
- health values
- social capital
- age
- gender
- socioeconomic status