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Correlational findings

Study Ho et al. (1995): study HK 1992

Public:
70+aged, Hong Kong, 1991-1992
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1557
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Depressive symptom score
Our Classification
Remarks
Geriatric Depression Scale by Yesavage and Brink (1983) had been translated into Chinese and validated.
Operationalization
Self report on 30 questions:
a: Are you basically satisfied with your life? Yes No(1)
b: Have you dropped many of your activities and interests? Yes(1) No
c: Do you feel that your life is empty? Yes(1) No
d: Do you often get bored? Yes(1) No
e: Are you hopeful about the future? Yes No(1)
f: Are you bothered by thoughts you can't get out of your head? Yes(1) No
g: Are you in good spirits most of the time? Yes No(1)
h: Are you afraid that something bad is going to happen to you? Yes(1) No
i: Do you feel happy most of the time? Yes No(1)
j: Do you often feel helpless? Yes(1) No
k: Do you often get restless and fidgety? Yes(1) No
l: Do you prefer to stay at home rather than go out and do things? Yes(1) No
m: Do you frequently worry about the future? Yes(1) No
n: Do you feel you have more problems with memory than most? Yes(1) No
o: Do you think it is wonderful to be alive now? Yes No(1)
p: Do you feel downhearted and blue? Yes(1) No
r: Do you feel pretty worthless the way you are now? Yes(1) No
s: Do you worry a lot about the past? Yes(1) No
t: Do you find life very exciting? Yes No(1)
u: Is it hard for you to get started on new projects? Yes(1) No
v: Do you feel full of energy? Yes No(1)
w: Do you feel that your situation is hopeless? Yes(1) No
x: Do you think that most people are better off than you are? Yes(1) No
y: Do you frequently get upset over little things? Yes(1) No
z: Do you frequently feel like crying? Yes(1) No
aa: Do you have trouble concentrating? Yes(1) No
ab: Do you enjoy getting up in the morning? Yes No(1)
ac: Do you prefer to avoid social occasions? Yes(1) No
ad: Is it easy for you to make decisions? Yes No(1)
ae: Is your mind as clear as it used to be? Yes No(1)

1: Depressive symptom score is equal to 8 and more
0: Depressive symptom score is less than 8

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-b OR = 0.2 p < .05 CI95 [0.2-0.3]

OR controlled for:
-place of residence
-marital status
-presence of joint pain