Correlational findings

Study Ho et al. (1995): study HK 1992

70+aged, Hong Kong, 1991-1992
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 1557
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Depressive symptom score
Our Classification
Geriatric Depression Scale by Yesavage and Brink (1983) had been translated into Chinese and validated.
Self report on 30 questions:
a: Are you basically satisfied with your life? Yes No(1)
b: Have you dropped many of your activities and interests? Yes(1) No
c: Do you feel that your life is empty? Yes(1) No
d: Do you often get bored? Yes(1) No
e: Are you hopeful about the future? Yes No(1)
f: Are you bothered by thoughts you can't get out of your head? Yes(1) No
g: Are you in good spirits most of the time? Yes No(1)
h: Are you afraid that something bad is going to happen to you? Yes(1) No
i: Do you feel happy most of the time? Yes No(1)
j: Do you often feel helpless? Yes(1) No
k: Do you often get restless and fidgety? Yes(1) No
l: Do you prefer to stay at home rather than go out and do things? Yes(1) No
m: Do you frequently worry about the future? Yes(1) No
n: Do you feel you have more problems with memory than most? Yes(1) No
o: Do you think it is wonderful to be alive now? Yes No(1)
p: Do you feel downhearted and blue? Yes(1) No
r: Do you feel pretty worthless the way you are now? Yes(1) No
s: Do you worry a lot about the past? Yes(1) No
t: Do you find life very exciting? Yes No(1)
u: Is it hard for you to get started on new projects? Yes(1) No
v: Do you feel full of energy? Yes No(1)
w: Do you feel that your situation is hopeless? Yes(1) No
x: Do you think that most people are better off than you are? Yes(1) No
y: Do you frequently get upset over little things? Yes(1) No
z: Do you frequently feel like crying? Yes(1) No
aa: Do you have trouble concentrating? Yes(1) No
ab: Do you enjoy getting up in the morning? Yes No(1)
ac: Do you prefer to avoid social occasions? Yes(1) No
ad: Is it easy for you to make decisions? Yes No(1)
ae: Is your mind as clear as it used to be? Yes No(1)

1: Depressive symptom score is equal to 8 and more
0: Depressive symptom score is less than 8

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SL?-?-sq-n-11-b OR = 0.2 p < .05 CI95 [0.2-0.3]

OR controlled for:
-place of residence
-marital status
-presence of joint pain