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Correlational findings

Study Lai & McDonald (1995): study CA Calgary, Alberta 1991

Public
Chinese elderly immigrants, Canada, 1991
Survey name
Unnamed study
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
14.7%
Assessment
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Sense of personal control
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Cronbach's alpha reliabilty coefficient is .83
Distribution
Range 7-21
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Sense of personal control was measured by Pearlin and Schooler (1978) scale:

1. I have little control about things that happen to me.
2. Some of my problems I can't seem to solve at all.
3. There is not much that I can do to change important things in my life.
4. I often feel helpless dealing with the problems of life.
5. Sometimes I feel like a play ball of life.
6. I can do almost everything, if I want to.
7. What will happen in the future considerably depends on myself.

Rated
No
It depends
Yes

Scores ranged from one to three for the positive statements and three to one for the negative statements.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-a r = +.33 p < .01 All O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-a r = +.20 ns Males O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-a r = +.43 p < .001 Females