Correlational findings

Study Joseph & Lewis (1998): study GB 1996

18+ students, Ulster, UK, 1995
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 100
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Oxford Happiness Inventory (OHI)
Our Classification
M: 35,69; SD = 9,76
Self-report on 29 questions:
Below are a number of statements about happiness. Please indicate how much you agree or disagree with each by entering a number in the blank after each statement, according to the following scale:
1 = strongly disagree
2 = moderately disagree
3 = slightly disagree
4 = slightly agree
5 = moderately agree
6 = strongly agree

A. I don’t feel particularly pleased with the way  I am. (R)
B. I am intensely interested in other people.
C. I feel that life is very rewarding.
D. I have very warm feelings towards almost everyone.
E. I rarely wake up feeling rested. (R)
F. I am not particularly optimistic about the future. (R)
G. I find most things amusing.
H. I am always committed and involved.
I. Life is good.
J. I do not think that the world is a good place. (R)
K. I laugh a lot.
L. I am well satisfied about everything in my life.
M. I don’t think I look attractive. (R)
N. There is a gap between what I would like to do and what I have done. (R)
O. I am very happy.
P. I find beauty in some things.
Q. I always have a cheerful effect on others.
R. I can fit in (find time for) everything I want to.
S. I feel that I am not especially in control of my life. (R)
T. I feel able to take anything on.
U. I feel fully mentally alert.
V. I often experience joy and elation.
W. I don’t find it easy to make decisions. (R)
X. I don’t have a particular sense of meaning and purpose in my life. (R)
Y. I feel I have a great deal of energy.
Z. I usually have a good influence on events.
Aa. I don’t have fun with other people. (R)
Ab. I don’t feel particularly healthy. (R)
Ac. I don’t have particularly happy memories of the past. (R)

- Items marked (R) should be scored in reverse: score “1,”  to a “6.”, “2 to a “5,,3 to a “4,  “4 to a “3, 5 to a “2, “6 to a “1
- Add the numbers for all 29 questions. (Use the converted numbers for the 12 items that are reverse scored.)
- Divide by 29..

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-a r = +.59 p < .001