Correlational findings

Study Crandall & Putman (1980): study US Idaho 1975 /2

Psycology students, USA, University of Idaho, 197?
N = 61
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Questionnaire administered in groups of 5 to 9 thay were given the SIS and a questionnaire labeled "Self Concept" which consisted of the well being measure and 27 other traits.


Authors's Label
Denial of negative traits
Our Classification
13 positive traits and 14 negative traits are selected from the original list of 33 statements.

a. Before voting I thoroughly investigate the qualifications of all the candidates.
b. I never hesitate to go out of my way to help someone in trouble.
c. It is sometimes hard for me to go on with my work if I am not encouraged.
d. I have never intensely disliked anyone.
e. On occasions I have had doubts about my ability to succeed in life.
f. I sometimes feel resentful when I don’t get my way.
g. I am always careful about my manner of dress.
h. My table manners at home are as good as when I eat out in a restaurant.
i. If I could get into a movie without paying and be sure I was not seen I would probably do it.
j. On a few occasions, I have given up something because I thought too little of my ability.
k. I like to gossip at times.
1. There have been times when I felt like rebelling against people in authority even though I knew they were right.
m. No matter who I’m talking to, I’m always a good listener.
n. I can remember “playing sick” to get out of something.
o. There have been occasions when I have taken advantage of someone.
p. I’m always willing to admit it when I make a mistake.
q. I always try to practice what I preach.
r. I don’t find it particularly difficult to get along with loudmouthed, obnoxious people.
s. I sometimes try to get even rather than forgive and forget.
t. When I don’t know something I don’t mind at all admitting it.
u. I am always courteous, even to people who are disagreeable.
v. At times I have really insisted on having things my own way.
w. There have been occasions when I felt like smashing things.
x. I would never think of letting someone else be punished for my wrong-doings.
y. I never resent being asked to return a favor.
z. I have never been irked when people expressed ideas very different from my own.
aa. I never make a long trip without checking the safety of my car.
ab. There have been times when I was quite jealous of the good fortune of others.
ac. I have almost never felt the urge to tell someone off.
ad. I am sometimes irritated by people who ask favors of me.
ae. I have never felt that I was punished without cause.
af. I sometimes think when people have a misfortune they only got what they deserved.
ag. I have never deliberately said something that hurt someone’s feelings.

Subject use 5 point scales (from "not at all true of me" to "very much true of me") to rate themselves on 14 negative traits. Reversing the scoring of ratings of negative traits and summing them yielded the measure.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HP-g-sq-?-*-a r = +.08