Correlational findings

Study Wingen et al. (2012): study NL 1998

20+ aged, The Netherlands, 1998-2009
Survey name
NL-POLS 1997-2009
N = 240000
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Change in employment status
Our Classification
Data: Social Statistical Database which covers earlier and later employment registration data. Survey respondents identified using their their (encrypted) civil service number.
a: 0,93%; b: 0,14%; c: 0,27%; d: 0,11%; e: 0,05%;
No event: 98,50%
Change in employment status 1998-2009
as registered in employment registration.
a: going to be/got employed
b: going to be/got unemployed
c: going to be/got retired
d: going to be/got disabled
e: going to be/got social assistance

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HP-u-sq-v-5-a DM = AVERAGE happiness in the years before and after CHANGE in employment status. O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-d DM = a: Getting employed slightly increases happiness
b: Getting unemployed after employment is preceeded by a decline in happiness and slow recovery afterwards which comes close to pre-event happiness after 8 years.
c: Retirement does not affect happiness much
d: Disabled already less happy before being officially registered as disabled
e: Happiness continues to decrease after getting social assistance.

Cross sectional survey data on happiness linked to registration data on employment history.