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Correlational findings

Study Noelle-Neumann (1974): study XZ Germany West 1973

Public:
16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1972
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2000
Non Response:
not reported
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Church attendance , Catholics only
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport of Catholics attending Church
1: every Sunday
2: rarely or never

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-a D%a = -               Church attendance
              every Sunday    rarely or never
3:cheerful          28%             33%
2:rather cheerful   26%             35%
1:uncheerful        46%             32%

% adjusted by age, sex and living environment
A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-a G = -.19 ns A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-a tc = -.13 ns Catholics attending Church every Sunday look less cheerful than those attending Church rarely or never