Correlational findings

Study Drobnic et al. (2010): study ZZ EU 9 2003

Working people, 9 European Union countries, 2003
N = 3354
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Work-home interference
Our Classification
Average scores. Higher scores on the 5-point scale indicate higher interference between work and home (range from never to several times a week).
Range 1-5
Sweden: M= 2.53, Finland: M= 2.40, Netherlands: M= 2.30, Germany: M= 2.43, United Kingdom: M= 2.73, Portugal: M= 2.88, Spain: M= 2.71, Hungary: M= 2.84, Bulgaria: M= 2.88
Index composed of the following three items:
a: 'I have come home from work too tired to do some of the household jobs which need to be done'.
b: 'It has been difficult for me to fulfill my family responsibilities because of the amount of time I spend on the job'.
c: 'I have found it difficult to concentrate at work because of my family responsibilities'.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = -.20 p < .001 B controlled for:
- gender
- age in linear and in quadratic form
- marital status
- number of children
- education level
- objective working conditions
- subjective evaluations of work
- GDP per capita
- country dummies
- job satisfaction

In analysis of each country separately B's are significant in:
- Sweden (-.39)
- Finland (-.27)
- Netherlands (-.21)
- United Kingdom (-.31)