Correlational findings

Study Treas et al. (2011): study ZZ Developed nations 2001

Women with partner, aged 18-65, 28 countries, 2001-2004
N = 7014
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Oral, paper and pencil resp. postal interview with standardised questionnaire


Authors's Label
Liberal gender ideology
Our Classification
Computation: factor score
M = 0, SD = 1
Agreement on 5 statements:
A A preschool child is likely to suffer if his or her mother works.
B Family life suffers when the woman has a full-time job.
C A job is all right, but what most women really want is a home and children
D Being a housewife s as fulfilling as working for pay
E A man's job is to earn money; a woman's job is look after the home and family.
Measured on a 1 to 5 likert scale:
1 Strongly agree     
2 Agree    
3 Neither agree nor disagree    
4 Disagree    
5 Strongly disagree

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-g-sq-v-7-a Beta = -.01 p < .05 Beta controlled for:
- Work status
- Age
- Age squared
- Number of children
- Education
- Religious services attendance

Negatively affected by Mediating variables:
- Family Income
- Family income flag
- Housework fairness
- Task sharing
- Family stress
- Housework conflict