# Correlational findings

## Study Palmore (1974): study US 1955

Public
60-94 aged, USA, 1955-1959, followed 15 years
Sample
Respondents
N = 271
Non Response
Assessment
Multiple assesment methods
T1: Face-to-Face interview (happiness); T2: Check whether respondent is alive (longevity).

## Correlate

Authors's Label
Over-longevity
Our Classification
Remarks
T1: 1955-59, T2: about 15 years later. LQ above 1.0 means the person lived as long as expected, an LQ of less than 1.0 would mean that he lived less than expected.
Operationalization
Longevity question assessed in two steps.
Step 1: Assessment of years lived after T1
- Actual number of years for those who had died (two third)
- Estimated years for survivors (using T2 actuarian data)
Step 2: Comparison with life-expectancy at T1 (by dividing by actuarian estimate of longevity of people of similar age, sex and race at that time)

## Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-CO-g-rc-n-10-a = T1 Happiness by T2 Longevity Quotient. M-CO-g-rc-n-10-a = +.22 p < .05 All (N =271) M-CO-g-rc-n-10-a = +.12 p < .05 All (N =271)
Beta controlled for 19 other variables. Significant other variables:
- Cardiovascular disease
- Work satisfaction
- Cigarette smoking
- Physical function
M-CO-g-rc-n-10-a = +.38 p < .05 Women aged 70+ (N = 64); M-CO-g-rc-n-10-a = +.29 p < .05 Women aged 70+ (N = 64)
Beta controlled for 19 other variables. Significant other variables:
- Socioeconomic status
- Performance IQ

Not significant among:
- males separately
- females 60-69