print

Correlational findings

Study Palmore (1974): study US 1955

Public:
60-94 aged, USA, 1955-1959, followed 15 years
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 271
Non Response:
Assessment:
Multiple methods
T1: Face-to-Face interview (happiness); T2: Check whether respondent is alive (longevity).

Correlate

Authors's label
Over-longevity
Our Classification
Operationalization
Longevity question assessed in two steps.
Step 1: Assessment of years lived after T1
- Actual number of years for those who had died (two third)
- Estimated years for survivors (using T2 actuarian data)
Step 2: Comparison with life-expectancy at T1 (by dividing by actuarian estimate of longevity of people of similar age, sex and race at that time)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-CO-g-rc-n-10-a = T1 Happiness by T2 Longevity Quotient. M-CO-g-rc-n-10-a r = +.22 p < .05 All (N =271) M-CO-g-rc-n-10-a Beta = +.12 p < .05 All (N =271)
Beta controlled for 19 other variables. Significant other variables:
- Cardiovascular disease
- Work satisfaction
- Cigarette smoking
- Physical function
M-CO-g-rc-n-10-a r = +.38 p < .05 Women aged 70+ (N = 64); M-CO-g-rc-n-10-a Beta = +.29 p < .05 Women aged 70+ (N = 64)
Beta controlled for 19 other variables. Significant other variables:
- Socioeconomic status
- Performance IQ

Not significant among:
- males separately
- females 60-69