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Correlational findings

Study Berg & Veenhoven (2009): study ZZ 2005

Public:
Adults, general public, 142 countries, 2005-2009
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 25000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Multiple methods
Face-to-face interviews, ad well as telephone interviews and computer assisted interviews

Correlate

Authors's label
Type of religion
Our Classification
Operationalization
% of the population in each country that is:
a: Protestant
b: Catholic
c: Jew
d: Hindu
e: Buddhist
f: Muslim

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a r = +.28 AVERAGE HAPPINESS by % PROTESTANT in 128 nations O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = +07 rpc controlled for wealth O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = +.03 rpc controlled for rule of law O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a r = +.63 Average happiness by % protestants in 21 western nations only O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = +.67 rpc controlled for wealth O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = +.20 rpc controlled for rule of law O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a r = +.41 AVERAGE HAPPINESS by % CATHOLICS in 121 nations O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = +.37 rpc controlled for wealth O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = +.44 rpc controlled for rule of law O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a r = -.41 Average happiness by % Catholics in 22 western nations only O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.51 rpc controlled for wealth O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.05 rpc controlled for rule of law O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a r = -.30 AVERAGE HAPPINESS by % MUSLIMS in 138 nations O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.08 rpc controlled for wealth O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.14 rpc controlled for rule of law O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a r = -.04 Average happiness by % Muslims in 22 western nations only O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.05 rpc controlled for wealth O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.15 rpc controlled for rule of law O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a r = +.04 AVERAGE HAPPINESS by % JEWS in 79 nations O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.02 rpc controlled for wealth O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = +.00 rpc controlled for rule of law O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a r = +.04 Average happiness by % Jews in 21 western nations only O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.08 rpc controlled for wealth O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.05 rpc controlled for rule of law O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a r = -.32 AVERAGE HAPPINESS by % BUDDHISTS in 54 nations O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.27 rpc controlled for wealth O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.32 rpc controlled for rule of law O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a r = -.11 Average happiness by % Buddhists in 17 western nations only O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.17 rpc controlled for wealth O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.19 rpc controlled for rule of law O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a r = -.39 AVERAGE HAPPINESS by % HINDUS in 10 nations O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.03 rpc controlled for wealth O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a rpc = -.30 rpc controlled for rule of law

Similar correlations obtained with affective component of happiness (Affect balance) and cognitive component (Cantril ladder)